Tea is an aromatic liquid refreshment produced in Asia's continents, including India, China, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. It is the most popular beverage in the world consumed as it is non-alcoholic caffeine and has many skins and health benefits. It is prepared by cured leaves or fresh leaves of Camellia sinensis (an evergreen plant)which are placed for steeping or brewing in a teapot full of hot water or boiling water. Tea can be a tasty beverage since it can be served hot or iced. No matter what the season is people like to have it every day.

There are some types of tea - Black tea, Green tea, Oolong tea, White tea, yellow tea, Brick tea, and Herbal tea. Since all these tea comes from the same plant ( camellia sinesis) but because of its difference in the method of processing after the leaves are being picked, they taste, look, and smell differently.

1. Black tea - Black tea is a dark and strong flavored tea with more caffeine than other teas. Here the leaves of the plants are picked, rolled, oxidized, dried/fired to produce a full-bodied strong flavor. 

2. Green tea - Green tea is a popular tea flavor. It is a light green-colored tea with a grassy smell in it. This tea is unoxidized as it is picked, dried, and then heat-treated to prevent oxidation. It has caffeine but less than black tea.

3. Oolong tea - Oolong tea is also known as Wulong tea. Here the leaves are picked later in the season and are semi-oxidized. The difference between black, green, and oolong tea is how the tea is processed. The semi oxidation is the reason for oolong teas' color.

4. White tea -  White tea is considered one of the most expensive tea as it is so minimally processed. It has a therapeutic value. It is made from new growth buds and young leaves which have been steamed to inactive oxidation and then dried. 

5. Yellow tea - Yellow tea is a bright yellow color tea that is often placed in the same category as green tea because of its process of production like green tea except that it has an additional step i.e the leaves are encased and steamed which removes the grassy smell that is present in the green tea.

6. Herbal tea - Herbal tea is similar to white tea as it undergoes the same process of production but other than that they contain a mixture of other herbs, spices, and fruits in addition to tea leaves. Like ginger tea, tulsi tea, peppermint tea, chamomile tea, and rooibos tea.

How tea is beneficial?

1. Tea has less caffeine than compared to coffee. It helps in reducing stress.

2. It helps in reducing heart stroke/attack and lowers the level of LDL cholesterol.

3. It contains antioxidants which shield us from pollution damage.

4. It also boosts the immune system. Tea like herbal tea helps in making the immune system strong as it has antibacterial, anti-fungal, and anti-inflammatory properties.

5. It also so it's the digestive system and serves as a cure for constipation and motion sickness.

6. It helps in reducing menstrual pains, improves sleep, and gives relaxation.

7. It also helps in weight loss, by boosting one’s metabolism. 

Why International Tea Day is celebrated?

 International tea day is celebrated every year of the 21st of May.  It is celebrated to glorify the areas where it grows and to express the biological, economical, and physical benefits of tea. As the major tea producers are from the poor areas of the sub-continent Asia, it helps in spreading the awareness among the poor farmers about its fair supply and trade and to other people about its amazing benefits. This festival gives pleasure, warmth, and information regarding the tea industry. People can also taste various varieties of tea at this festival and can enjoy every bit of it. Important meetings are held which provide the current issues and ever aspects of the tea industry. People involved in selling, producing, manufacturing, and distributing can benefit from this festival and enhance their knowledge and understanding of tea better. So a drink/beverage which is so widely consumed in the world should provide relief to the poor farmers and provide them fair trade and financial support to fulfill their need and to eradicate poverty.

Other tea festivals observed in India are:-

India is the largest producer of tea and produces some of the best taste and quality tea in the world.

1. Assam Tea Festival- the main event is held in the district of Jorhat as it is known for its extensive tea gardens.

2. Mizoram Tea Festival held in the district of Champhai.

3. Tea and Food Festival held in Delhi, Ansal plaza

Blog By - Papiya Sarkar 

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